Watson’s Caring Theory

Watson’s Caring Theory
Watson’s Caring Theory, a grand theory and conceptual model in nursing, is the underlying framework for United States University College of Nursing’s programs. Identify a middle-range theory within her conceptual model. Clearly identify how she defines the concepts and propositions between them. Report them to the class using the form “psychosocial development (Concept A) progresses through (Proposition) stages (Concept B)”. Psychosocial development and stages are examples and NOT required for the assignment. Using the readings for the week, discuss why her work is considered a grand theory.
A minimum of 250 words, not including references
Citations: At least one high-level scholarly reference in APA format from within the last 5 years
Watson’s Caring Theory


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Watson’s Caring Theory conceptualizes caring as a holistic idea where an individual is seen as a whole from the spiritual, mind, body, and soul, and not just the physical. The primary purpose of nursing is thus to achieve a harmonious individual by fostering self-centered care that involves knowledge, healing, respect, and reverence. A middle-range theory from Watson’s Caring Theory would be the spiritual dimension to meet the patient’s needs (Evangelista et al., 2020). It identifies the difference in spirituality as it varies from culture to culture and patient to patient. The soul connects to the spirit, which in turn connects to a higher level of consciousness that determines the ability to enable transcendence. Caring involves two people, the patient and the caregiver, and coming together might greatly expand human capability through the spiritual presence of those involved. Additionally, the caring concept also identifies, respects, and promotes the expression of positive and negative feelings, a process that holds meaning and importance in the healing process.
Jean Watson’s theory is a grand theory because, in addition to her ideas, it drew upon the opinions of other nurse theorists like Carl rogers, Gadow, Nightingale, Whitehead, Hegel, and Marcel. She considered the definition of self, moral ideals, and human dignity, all of which were the basis for the development of the theory (Alligood, 2016). These abstract ideas make it difficult to apply in clinical practice unless used to support research or nursing care delivery. The framework for this theory is applicable in multiple healthcare settings, ranging from homes to clinical settings and different patient populations like cancer patients, the elderly, children, and families.  
Alligood, M. R. (2016). Watson’s philosophy and theory of transpersonal caring. In Nursing theorists and their work (9th ed., pp. 79-89). Elsevier Health Sciences. https://www.barnesandnoble.com/w/nursing-theorists-and-their-work-martha-raile-alligood/1128555402/
Evangelista, C., Lopes, M., Nóbrega, M., Vasconcelos, M., & Viana, A. (2020). Análise Da teoria de Jean Watson de acordo com o modelo de Chinn E Kramer. Revista de Enfermagem Referência, V Série(Nº 4). https://doi.org/10.12707/rv20045/

Watson’s Caring Theory

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