Pavlovian Conditioning as a Risk Factor of Heroin ‘Overdose’ Death



Pavlovian Conditioning as a Risk Factor of Heroin ‘Overdose’ Death

QUESTION
Read the article, A Case Report: Pavlovian Conditioning as a Risk Factor of Heroin ‘Overdose’ Death. After reading the article, address the following questions in a video response:

What are the implications of this article for working with those suffering from opioid addiction?
How would you explain the findings of this research to a client dealing with an opioid addiction?
What practical advice can you offer based upon this research?
Pavlovian Conditioning as a Risk Factor of Heroin ‘Overdose’ Death

ANSWER
Pavlovian Conditioning as a Risk Factor of Heroin ‘Overdose’ Death

Student Name
Institutional Affiliation
Course Name & Number
Instructor’s Name
Date

Introduction.
This case report investigates a frequently notable scenario that has so far received little attention. The scenario involves opioid drug users fatally and abruptly falling dead and their cause of death being ruled out as ‘overdose.’ This has raised eyebrows among the researchers since the concentration of morphine in the deceased did not vary from that taken in their last session within their accustomed environments. However, the used dose has brought about deadly complications for the users, leading to death when the conditioned body or psychological tolerance fails to cue in. The report seeks to demystify the risk of Pavlovian conditioning on opioid drug users as a significant cause of death.
The study was analyzed with data from autopsy reports, blood samples, and clinical data.
Implications of this article for working with those suffering from opioid addiction.
When a case report is done with thorough findings from real-time and real-life data, the inferences from the study can be relied on by humanity—as with this Pavlovian Conditioning case study, working with opioid users gives us insight into the physiological, psychological, and environmental conditions that enable safe administration of the heroin drug (Siegel., 1982). From deep understanding comes clarity. The often-overlooked factor that may have caused more drug-related deaths than we may care to admit is finally being debunked. Hopefully, more research will be put into this to unearth more ways of preventing this catastrophic silent killer. As the world has now come to understand from this article, conditioning tolerance is a significant consideration when administering drugs since failure to prioritize this increases the probability of demise of the drug user. The Pavlovian Conditioning case study arouses the medical field to harm the harm reduction approach that emphasizes sensitization of conditioning tolerance among drug users.
This article sheds light on ‘safe’ ways to re-administer drugs after a long duration of time of not using it. Considering the environment, one was accustomed to and avoiding significant changes to these will reduce the body’s chances of negatively responding to the drug retake.
Explaining the findings of this research to a client dealing with an opioid addiction.
Opioid drug use can cause fatal issues to various organs in the body whose crashing could lead to a brief encounter with death. The most popular ways in which one may bow out are: having the widely known active ingredient from a drug acquired from a different source, primarily the black market, differ from the one the user is accustomed to, and drug-related lethal development occurring as a result of a drug user who had given up its use relapsing and administering the same doses they did before their withdrawal and combination of opioid with other drugs could lead to fatal overdose cases. There’s, however, a rather peculiar phenomenon that has crept in amongst users and has caused significant issues of deaths. Another more practical explanation for some drug-related deaths. This is the Pavlovian Conditioning- where the body is accustomed to specific environmental, psychological or logical conditions of operation when carrying out a particular activity (Siegel., 1982). As is the case with an opioid user, the risk with this conditioning is that the body physiologically tends to respond differently, often fatally, to a change in the accustomed conditions.
For an opioid user, the environmental and psychological environments of administration of the drug are paramount. The tolerance built by these specific situations can help in the preventive intervention of drug-related deaths. The same case applies to individuals who relapse and get back to dependence on the drug for one circumstance or the other.
` From this case study, we see that the anticipation and preparation of administering the heroin, which plays the part of an accustomed stimulus, minimize impact of the opium, therefore, contributing to the birth of a phenomenon similar to endurance. On the contrary, when an opioid user administers the medication in a setting that his physiological system is unfamiliar with, examinations of such scenarios have shown that the body goes through terrible circulatory failure, with various organs inflating and suffering increased pressure (Gardner., 1970).
Knowledge of this conditioning phenomenon is instrumental in preventing death cases that may arise as a result of a lack of keenness of the same. This harm-reduction approach is, needless to say, invaluable in sparing lives and extending death dates.
Practical advice offered based upon this research.
Since time immemorial, we had experienced various drug-related causes of death that were more inclined to the popular variants of the drugs themselves, the interaction of multiple drugs as well as complications that arise after a former heroin user relapses and use the same doses they did before they gave up the dependency on the drug (Siegel., 1982). For these, most opioid users have heightened their caution and will stay away from any of the widespread red alerts.
The devil in detail shows that in addition to these precautions, heroin users have a responsibility to ensure their drug administration environment and circumstances stay as accustomed as they can be to keep alive (Gerevich., 2005). In one of the rare occasions where an individual will give up the use of the opium drug, well, by all means, they ought to will themselves to accountability as the first line of defense against the drug. This includes personal discipline and motivation and daily affirmations on their worthiness without dependency on a substance. Responsibility by friends, family, and acquaintances is of utmost importance here too. These immediate people with whom constant interaction ought to be healthy for the just redeemed users. Their words and daily life activities should reinforce the will to stay clean. The bark, however does stop at the former user. Their avoidance and active will to have a complete overhaul on pass-time activity mates cannot be over-emphasized. Staying away from the cliques with whom these drugs would be administered and reveled is mandatory.
If, as some cases have had it, there’s a relapse and the individual is contemplating using the heroin drug, the physical, environmental, and at times psychological environment that the user was accustomed to when administering the drug needs not to have significantly changed, to avoid the risk of death by a change in accustomed circumstances. A preventive intervention based on the Case study of the Pavlovian Conditioning and its impact.


References
Brecher EM: Licit and illicit drugs. The International Journal of the Addictions. 1980, 15: 359.
Gardner R: Deaths in United Kingdom opioid users 1965–69. The Lancet. 1970, ii: 650-653. 10.1016/S0140-6736(70)91414-5.
Gerevich J: Fatal combination of MDMA and heroin. Psychosomatics. 2005, 46 (2): 189-10.1176/appi.psy.46.2.189.
Siegel S, Hinson RE, Krank MS, McCully J: Heroin “overdose” death: Contribution of drug-associated environmental cues. Science. 1982, 216: 436-437.


Pavlovian Conditioning as a Risk Factor of Heroin ‘Overdose’ Death


Scroll to Top