Interview a Pharmacist
The purpose of this assignment is to learn more about interprofessional collaboration between prescribers and pharmacists.
1. The process of filling a prescription.
2. Common reasons pharmacists call providers to clarify orders.
3. What is on a proper prescription.
4. Common omissions on prescriptions they receive.
5. Medication errors pharmacists encounter.
6. The prior authorization (PAR) process and common par medications.
Write a 500-1,000 word paper summarizing on how this information from this assignment will help your prescription writing. Discuss intercollaboration between pharmacists and prescribers.
You are required to cite three to five sources related to intercollaboration to complete this assignment. Sources must be published within the last 5 years and appropriate for the assignment criteria and nursing content.
Interview a Pharmacist
Course Name and Number
Interview a Pharmacist
Healthcare organizations aim to provide high quality and safe care to all patients to ensure they achieve better health outcomes and improve their quality of life. Various strategies for ensuring high-quality care and safe care delivery should be implemented across different healthcare organizations. Healthcare organizations consist of different healthcare providers with different areas of expertise. Delivering high quality and safe care requires the collaboration of the different professionals to enable them to tailor care that effectively addresses the various patient needs (Huber, 2022). Lack of such collaborations or ineffective collaborations presents an obstacle to delivering high-quality and safe care, for instance, increasing incidences of medication errors that have adverse impacts on patient health outcomes (Huber, 2022). This paper outlines an interview of a pharmacist regarding various aspects of prescription and how interprofessional collaborations between them and the prescribers are essential in preventing common mistakes and errors that may affect patient health outcomes.
Experience and Learning
The interview presented various learning experiences, which are fundamental in patient care delivery. For instance, filing a prescription must be precise and accurate to ensure that the medications patients receive are appropriate, legally accepted and safe for their use and address their health condition. It involves five critical steps: initial check, therapeutic check, preparation, technical check, and lastly, supply of the medications and educating the patient on how to use them (Sng et al., 2019). Prescription errors present a significant safety concern, as they can have adverse impacts on patients due to complications.
Pharmacists often analyze prescriptions, and in cases where some omissions or mistakes may result in medication errors, they can call the prescribers to ask for more clarification before supplying the medications. Other reasons could be illegibility, especially in handwritten prescriptions, or in instances where the prescription does not cover the required duration of treatment (Atif et al., 2018). A proper prescription must include the patient’s details, including the patient’s full name, prescription date, the drug name, both scientific and generic if available, dosage strength and form, whether in tablets, ointment or sprays, among others. The prescription should also include direction of how the drugs should be taken, quantity to supply to the patient, and prescriber details, including their name, signature, address, phone number, or other contact address (Atif et al., 2018).
Pharmacists receive various omissions that force them to inquire from the prescribers before supplying the medications. These include mathematical errors in confusion, especially regarding milligrams and micrograms, or failing to include the units. The other confusion occurs due to the inaccurate placement of decimal points. Often, there is also omission regarding the duration of such medications and, at times, failure to include correct patient details and prescriber’s details as required (Atif et al., 2018). The commonest medication errors pharmacists encounter are inappropriate prescriptions due to wrong information from the prescriber, improper packaging, wrong label and formulation, and wrong administration such as wrong route, dosage or frequency and duration.
Despite being rare, they adversely impact patients’ health outcomes whenever they occur. The prior authorization (PAR) process is often time-consuming and may delay care since there is a need first to seek approval from insurance companies. The prescriber must contact the health insurers, explaining why the prescriptions are necessary. Despite being a common practice, it can significantly affect care delivery by delaying the process.
How Lessons Learned Will Help with Prescription Writing
The lessons learned are fundamental in proper prescription writing to benefit the patients. Understanding the contents of a good prescription will help me identify to ensure that all the necessary information is included during prescription writing. The lessons learned also emphasize the need to understand the common errors and omissions which pharmacists receive. Therefore the process of writing prescriptions, I will ensure that all the required information is included and are legible to prevent errors which may occur to patients. The lessons will also help me ensure that I follow the right process of prescription writing to ensure that such prescriptions are appropriate and do not have omissions that can result in errors.
Inter-collaboration between Pharmacists and Prescribers
Interprofessional collaboration is fundamental in providing holistic and patient-centred care and safe care. Through interprofessional collaboration, there is a reduced incidence of medication errors and other obstacles which may hinder patient safety. Pharmacists rely on information provided by the prescribers to supply the prescribed medication to patients (Hariyati et al., 2021). In some scenarios, however, some omissions can occur on the prescriber’s side, resulting in an inappropriate prescription or prescription with several omissions. Pharmacists have to identify such omissions and communicate with the prescriber regarding any of these omissions or information they feel is inappropriate to get clarifications from the prescriber regarding the reason for making such prescriptions and other additional concerns. Such collaboration helps address any omissions or inappropriate prescriptions that, when left unaddressed, and the pharmacist goes ahead to execute, may result in medication errors that may affect the patients’ health outcomes and quality of life (Campeau Calfat et al., 2021).
Appropriate and accurate prescription is essential in ensuring patients benefit from the prescriptions provided. Collaboration between the pharmacists and the prescribers is also crucial. It helps address omissions and mistakes that may affect the effectiveness of medications that patients receive in addressing their health issues.
Atif, M., Azeem, M., Sarwar, M. R., Malik, I., Ahmad, W., Hassan, F., … & Rana, M. (2018). Evaluation of prescription errors and prescribing indicators in the private practices in Bahawalpur, Pakistan. Journal of the Chinese Medical Association, 81(5), 444-449. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1726490118300479
Campeau Calfat, A., Duval, C., Laberge, M., Savard, A. M., & Sirois, C. (2021). Clinical services in community pharmacies: a scoping review of policy and social implications. International Journal of Pharmacy Practice, 29(2), 116-125. https://academic.oup.com/ijpp/article-abstract/29/2/116/6029092
Hariyati, R. T. S., Ratanto, R., & Anugrahini, C. (2021). Medication Error and an Effort to Reduce the Incident: A Scoping Review. Systematic Reviews in Pharmacy, 12(11), 3579-3583. https://www.sysrevpharm.org/articles/medication-error-and-an-effort-to-reduce-the-incident-a-scoping-review-83094.html
Huber, C. (2022). Interprofessional Collaboration in Health Care. Praxis, 110(1), 3-4. https://europepmc.org/article/med/34983202
Sng, Y., Ong, C. K., & Lai, Y. F. (2019). Approaches to outpatient pharmacy automation: a systematic review. European Journal of Hospital Pharmacy, 26(3), 157-162. https://ejhp.bmj.com/content/26/3/157.abstract