Education on Proper Care during Pregnancy and Abnormalities Caused By Alcohol Use during Pregnancy



Education on Proper Care during Pregnancy and Abnormalities Caused By Alcohol Use during Pregnancy

QUESTION
A 23-year-old woman presents to the OB-GYN office you work at. She was recently surprised to learn that she is pregnant. She estimates that she is about 8 weeks along. The woman tells you that she regularly drinks on the weekends with her friends. She asks you “Is that a problem? As long as I don’t drink very much, I can still have a drink occasionally while I’m pregnant, right?”

How would you answer her questions?
What types of abnormalities can be caused by alcohol, and how does genetics influence this?
Education on Proper Care during Pregnancy and Abnormalities Caused By Alcohol Use during Pregnancy

ANSWER
Education on Proper Care during Pregnancy and Abnormalities Caused By Alcohol Use during Pregnancy

Student’s Name
Institutional Affiliation
Course Name and Number
Instructor’s Name
Date

Education on Proper Care during Pregnancy and Abnormalities Caused By Alcohol Use during Pregnancy
Ethics guides medical practice, and all care strategies and patient health education should enable them to achieve the best health outcomes. Patients often have questions, and as a care provider, I must find the best ways to address them and advise them appropriately for their benefit. Pregnancy comes with different requirements, including behavioral modifications and nutritional adjustments for the better of the fetus and the pregnant mother. The patient’s concern regarding alcohol consumption is a significant issue. According to her, she feels that little alcohol consumption will not affect the fetus. As a caregiver, I would first ensure I am non-judgmental and approach the situation to help the mother understand the risks of alcohol consumption during pregnancy (DeJong et al., 2019). Such health education will be accompanied by the need for behavior change and cessation of alcohol consumption and any other substance of abuse during pregnancy (Wilhoit et al., 2017). I would also determine the possible causes of the need to consume alcohol and offer adequate social support to ensure adherence to the stated measures of cessation of alcohol consumption.
Alcohol consumption throughout pregnancy is associated with severe complications to the fetus, especially various abnormalities. Excessive alcohol consumption during pregnancy results in fetal alcohol syndrome, which is associated with both physical and behavioral harm to the child soon after birth. Regardless of the quantity of alcohol consumed during pregnancy, there are higher risks of developmental abnormalities in the baby, for instance, neurodevelopmental disorders, intrauterine fetal growth restriction (IUFGR), congenital heart diseases, and developmental deformities in the face and limbs (Mårdby et al., 2017). Genetics plays a critical role in developing abnormalities because such alcohol alters the fetal DNA, affecting gene expression (Mårdby et al., 2017). The alterations in genetic makeup result in multiple malformations and developmental abnormalities, which can significantly impact the fetus and life after birth, as outlined above.

References
DeJong, K., Olyaei, A., & Lo, J. O. (2019). Alcohol use in pregnancy. Clinical obstetrics and gynecology, 62(1), 142. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/pmc7061927/
Mårdby, A. C., Lupattelli, A., Hensing, G., & Nordeng, H. (2017). Consumption of alcohol during pregnancy—A multinational European study. Women and Birth, 30(4), e207-e213. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1871519217300057
Wilhoit, L. F., Scott, D. A., & Simecka, B. A. (2017). Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders: characteristics, complications, and treatment. Community Mental Health Journal, 53(6), 711-718. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10597-017-0104-0

Education on Proper Care during Pregnancy and Abnormalities Caused By Alcohol Use during Pregnancy


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