Capella Quantitative Research Method Non-Experimental Approach Discussion
Based on the non-experimental quantitative study you researched for the library search assigned in your studies for this unit, address the following:
Describe the constructs and variables under investigation.
Describe the instrument or instruments used in the research. Include a discussion of the concepts of construct validity and reliability.
Identify the statistical tests used to analyze the data, and discuss the implications of the results with regard to interpretation of non-experimental data.
Evaluate the scientific merit of the selected design. Did a correlational design allow the researchers to answer the research question or questions? How might you have designed this study differently?
List the persistent link for the article. Use the Persistent Links and DOIs library guide, linked in the Resources, to learn how to locate this information in the library databases.
Cite all sources in APA style and provide an APA-formatted reference list at the end of your post.
Read the introduction to this unit, Quantitative Methods: Non-Experimental Approach. The introduction describes the defining characteristics of non-experimental research.
Use your Leedy and Ormrod text, Practical Research: Planning and Design, to read the following:
Chapter 6, “Descriptive Research,” pages 145–191.
This chapter covers basic non-experimental designs, as well as basic directions for conducting non-experimental research.
Use the Internet to read the following material, to learn more about the use of surveys and questionnaires. Navigate to the assigned pages by using the website’s table of contents, linked in the left navigation menu of its home page:
Web Center for Social Research Methods. (n.d.). The research methods knowledge base. Retrieved from http://www.socialresearchmethods.net/kb
Further explanations about the differences in correlations and causal relationships are found on the following page:
Types of Relationships.
The last four Web pages address issues of construct validity and reliability:
Threats to Construct Validity.
Types of Reliability.
PSY Learners – Additional Required Reading
In addition to the other required study activities for this unit, PSY learners are also required to read the following library resource:
Widaman, K. F. (2000). Developmental psychology: Research methods. In A. E. Kazdin (Ed.), Encyclopedia of psychology, vol. 3 (pp. 18–23). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
This reading covers developmental research, with attention to design, measurement issues, and statistical methods.
Complete the following research for this unit:
Use the Capella University Libraryto locate one article from the academic literature that utilizes non-experimental quantitative methods. Make sure the article fits Leedy and Ormrod’s description of non-experimental research.
Note: The Finding Articles by Type: Non-Experimental Research guide will show you some techniques for searching for non-experimental articles in the library databases.
Record the persistent link for the article found within the library databases.
Note: The persistent link is different from the URL in the browser window. Use the Persistent Links and DOIs guide to learn where to locate library articles’ persistent links.
Read the article in preparation for discussion in this unit.
Note: Use the Finding Articles for Your Discussion Post library guide to learn how to locate articles within the library databases. This guide will walk you through the basic steps of accessing the library databases and creating a search strategy to find articles
You must proofread your paper. But do not strictly rely on your computer’s spell-checker and grammar-checker; failure to do so indicates a lack of effort on your part and you can expect your grade to suffer accordingly. Papers with numerous misspelled words and grammatical mistakes will be penalized. Read over your paper – in silence and then aloud – before handing it in and make corrections as necessary. Often it is advantageous to have a friend proofread your paper for obvious errors. Handwritten corrections are preferable to uncorrected mistakes.
Use a standard 10 to 12 point (10 to 12 characters per inch) typeface. Smaller or compressed type and papers with small margins or single-spacing are hard to read. It is better to let your essay run over the recommended number of pages than to try to compress it into fewer pages.
Likewise, large type, large margins, large indentations, triple-spacing, increased leading (space between lines), increased kerning (space between letters), and any other such attempts at “padding” to increase the length of a paper are unacceptable, wasteful of trees, and will not fool your professor.
The paper must be neatly formatted, double-spaced with a one-inch margin on the top, bottom, and sides of each page. When submitting hard copy, be sure to use white paper and print out using dark ink. If it is hard to read your essay, it will also be hard to follow your argument.
ADDITIONAL INSTRUCTIONS FOR THE CLASS
Discussion Questions (DQ)
Initial responses to the DQ should address all components of the questions asked, include a minimum of one scholarly source, and be at least 250 words.
Successful responses are substantive (i.e., add something new to the discussion, engage others in the discussion, well-developed idea) and include at least one scholarly source.
One or two sentence responses, simple statements of agreement or “good post,” and responses that are off-topic will not count as substantive. Substantive responses should be at least 150 words.
I encourage you to incorporate the readings from the week (as applicable) into your responses.
Your initial responses to the mandatory DQ do not count toward participation and are graded separately.
In addition to the DQ responses, you must post at least one reply to peers (or me) on three separate days, for a total of three replies.
Participation posts do not require a scholarly source/citation (unless you cite someone else’s work).
Part of your weekly participation includes viewing the weekly announcement and attesting to watching it in the comments. These announcements are made to ensure you understand everything that is due during the week.
APA Format and Writing Quality
Familiarize yourself with APA format and practice using it correctly. It is used for most writing assignments for your degree. Visit the Writing Center in the Student Success Center, under the Resources tab in LoudCloud for APA paper templates, citation examples, tips, etc. Points will be deducted for poor use of APA format or absence of APA format (if required).
Cite all sources of information! When in doubt, cite the source. Paraphrasing also requires a citation.
I highly recommend using the APA Publication Manual, 6th edition.
Use of Direct Quotes
I discourage overutilization of direct quotes in DQs and assignments at the Masters’ level and deduct points accordingly.
As Masters’ level students, it is important that you be able to critically analyze and interpret information from journal articles and other resources. Simply restating someone else’s words does not demonstrate an understanding of the content or critical analysis of the content.
It is best to paraphrase content and cite your source.
For assignments that need to be submitted to LopesWrite, please be sure you have received your report and Similarity Index (SI) percentage BEFORE you do a “final submit” to me.
Once you have received your report, please review it. This report will show you grammatical, punctuation, and spelling errors that can easily be fixed. Take the extra few minutes to review instead of getting counted off for these mistakes.
Review your similarities. Did you forget to cite something? Did you not paraphrase well enough? Is your paper made up of someone else’s thoughts more than your own?
Visit the Writing Center in the Student Success Center, under the Resources tab in LoudCloud for tips on improving your paper and SI score.
The university’s policy on late assignments is 10% penalty PER DAY LATE. This also applies to late DQ replies.
Please communicate with me if you anticipate having to submit an assignment late. I am happy to be flexible, with advance notice. We may be able to work out an extension based on extenuating circumstances.
If you do not communicate with me before submitting an assignment late, the GCU late policy will be in effect.
I do not accept assignments that are two or more weeks late unless we have worked out an extension.
As per policy, no assignments are accepted after the last day of class. Any assignment submitted after midnight on the last day of class will not be accepted for grading.
Communication is so very important. There are multiple ways to communicate with me:
Questions to Instructor Forum: This is a great place to ask course content or assignment questions. If you have a question, there is a good chance one of your peers does as well. This is a public forum for the class.
Individual Forum: This is a private forum to ask me questions or send me messages. This will be checked at least once every 24 hours.