Biological Basis and Ethical/ Legal Considerations of Psychotherapy



Biological Basis and Ethical/ Legal Considerations of Psychotherapy

QUESTION
Many studies have found that psychotherapy is as effective as psychopharmacology in terms of influencing changes in behaviors, symptoms of anxiety, and changes in mental state. Changes influenced by psychopharmacology can be explained by the biological basis of treatments. But how does psychotherapy achieve these changes? Does psychotherapy share common neuronal pathways with psychopharmacology?
Psychotherapy is used with individuals as well as in groups or families. The idea of discussing confidential information with a patient in front of an audience is probably quite foreign to you. However, in group and family therapy, this is precisely what the psychiatric-mental health nurse practitioner does. In your role, learning how to provide this type of therapy within the limits of confidentiality is essential.
For this Discussion, you will consider whether psychotherapy also has a biological basis and analyze the ways in which legal and ethical considerations differ in the individual, family, and group therapy settings.
To prepare:
Review this week’s Learning Resources, reflecting on foundational concepts of psychotherapy, biological and social impacts on psychotherapy, and legal and ethical issues across the modalities (individual, family, and group).
Search the Walden Library databases for scholarly, peer-reviewed articles that inform and support your academic perspective on these topics.Post an explanation of whether psychotherapy has a biological basis. Explain how culture, religion, and socioeconomics might influence one’s perspective on the value of psychotherapy treatments. Describe how legal and ethical considerations for group and family therapy differ from those for individual therapy, and explain how these differences might impact your therapeutic approaches for clients in group, individual, and family therapy. Support your rationale with at least three peer-reviewed, evidence-based sources and explain why each of your supporting sources is considered scholarly. Attach the PDFs of your sources.
Biological Basis and Ethical/ Legal Considerations of Psychotherapy

ANSWER
Biological Basis and Ethical/ Legal Considerations of Psychotherapy

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Biological Basis and Ethical/ Legal Considerations of Psychotherapy
Does psychotherapy have biological basis?
The brain is at the root of most health problems that need therapy. The opinion of psychiatrists is that alterations in the mind may be the cause of psychotherapeutic illnesses. Psychotherapy is widely accepted as an effective treatment for various mental health issues. According to current scientific thinking, it’s a type of therapy that works by influencing the brain in a way that helps patients respond and heal more quickly (D’Amato et al., 2021). From bad experiences, a person’s brain network is reconnected and mediated via the use of psychotherapy as they approach their healing. Emotions, sentiments, fear, and rewards are all regulated by this strategy to improve a person’s overall health (Perugula, Narang & Lippmann, 2017).
How culture, religion and socioeconomics might influence people’s perspective on the value of psychotherapy treatments.
Despite the fact that psychotherapy cannot influence behavior, psychological condition, and anxiety, cultural, religious, and socioeconomic variables influence clients’ opinions on pursuing psychotherapy as a therapeutic option. To modify the client’s conflicting feelings and perceptions of psychotherapy as a successful strategy, the therapist must be aware of these disparities (Post n.d). Cultural and racial differences affect the effectiveness of psychotherapy, and unless these differences are handled openly, the treatment is judged ineffective. A therapist must have a thorough knowledge of the religious traditions of their patients to effectively communicate with them about the role religion plays in their treatment (Post, n.d). Many individuals are socially and economically disadvantaged. Thus it is vital to know how this impacts psychotherapy, particularly for those clients who are most in need of it.
How legal and ethical considerations for group and family therapy differ from those of individual therapy
Each member of the group receives emotional support via group therapy sessions. On the other hand, individual therapy includes just one person participating in the psychotherapy. Therapists’ ethical responsibilities to support the well-being of the group and the family members separate these two groups. In contrast to individual treatment, which does not include exercising judgment, group therapy entails additional duties that consider all of the clients (Class, 2022). Treatment sessions are more complex in corporate and family therapy because of the complexity of getting legal attention during the collaborative sessions. Informed consent is employed in that the therapist treats every group member as an individual client.
To further protect the privacy of members of the group and their families, any information obtained privately (such as a group member’s phone conversation) is not disclosed. Whether or not the customers are in a group, confidentiality is maintained (Sheperis, Ordway & Lamar, 2020). On the other hand, individual treatment relies on the client’s explicit agreement to use or disclose whatever information they provide. When it comes to family therapy, the emphasis is on the relationships within the family as a whole, which means that ethical and legal considerations are central to the process. On the contrary, individual therapy involves ethical and legal concerns such as confidentiality, personal responsibility, and an informed perspective. Group and family therapy with many clients in comparable circumstances faces an ethical challenge due to the differences between these two treatments. When several clients with competing interests and aims participate in an intervention process, it is impossible to focus on one activity (Sheperis, Ordway & Lamar, 2020). On the other hand, individual therapy encourages patients to examine the repercussions of their actions by focusing on an intervention that benefits a single individual.
How these differences might impact therapeutic approaches for clients in group, individual, and family therapy
Legal and ethical issues in group therapy guarantee that the therapist offers equitable improvement in the status of the members by campaigning for the family system during treatment. To prevent one member from gaining an unfair advantage over others, a therapist acts as an advocate for the entire group (Sheperis, Ordway & Lamar, 2020). Furthermore, by fostering open communication, families are less likely to keep secrets from one another under the guise of secrecy. It is imperative that all clients in group and family therapy complete a consent form before any information is used or shared.

References
Class, T. M. Discussion: Legal And Ethical Considerations For Group And Family Therapy Mar 4, 2022.
D’Amato, R. C., Davis, A. S., Power, E. M., & Eusebio, E. C. (2021). Understanding the Biological Basis of Behavior. Springer International Publishing.
Perugula, M. L., Narang, P. D., & Lippmann, S. B. (2017). The biological basis to personality disorders. The primary care companion for CNS disorders, 19(2), 26706.
Post, M. Explain HOW Culture, Religion, and Socioeconomics might influence one’s perspective of the value of Psychotherapy Treatments.
Sheperis, D. S., Ordway, A., & Lamar, M. (2020). Legal and Ethical Challenges in Online Counselor Education. Professional Counselor, 10(1), 106-119.

Biological Basis and Ethical/ Legal Considerations of Psychotherapy


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