Benchmark – Policy Brief

Benchmark – Policy Brief
Research public health issues on the “Climate Change” or “Topics and Issues” pages of the American Public Health Association (APHA) website. Investigate a public health issue related to an environmental issue within the U.S. health care delivery system and examine its effect on a specific population.

Write a 750-1,000-word policy brief that summarizes the issue, explains the effect on the population, and proposes a solution to the issue.

Follow this outline when writing the policy brief:

Describe the policy health issue. Include the following information: (a) what population is affected, (b) at what level does it occur (local, state, or national), and (c) evidence about the issues supported by resources.
Create a problem statement.
Provide suggestions for addressing the health issue caused by the current policy. Describe what steps are required to initiate policy change. Include necessary stakeholders (government officials, administrator) and budget or funding considerations, if applicable.
Discuss the impact on the health care delivery system.
Include three peer-reviewed sources and two other sources to support the policy brief.

Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center.
Benchmark – Policy Brief


Benchmark- Policy Brief

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Benchmark- Policy Brief
Variation in the overall weather systems and conditions in different regions throughout time is referred to as climate change. Climatic changes effect human health and diseases in many ways. Public health in general can be affected by mechanical, biotic and environmental systems. Some regions of the world have seen a rise in waterborne and waterborne-related illnesses due to climatic changes, such as global warming. Industrialization in several US regions has contributed to climate change, putting the public at risk, considering the present healthcare systems. Asthma, allergic rhinitis, respiratory diseases, and bronchiectasis have all been linked to exposure to asbestos. Heart disease and cancer have also been linked to climate change-induced environmental dangers. Among other factors, poverty is also a cause of environmental pollution health impacts due to limited access to healthcare services and information resources.
The policy health issue, population affected, level and evidence about it
Before releasing hazardous gases into the atmosphere, the US industrial system as a whole should purify and neutralize them due to the negative health consequences they have on the surrounding people. Asthma and allergic rhinitis have been documented in several large cities, including New York and Washington, DC. As a result, air pollution has become a public health concern in the United States, where health care institutions are reporting a rise in the number of patients admitted with respiratory illnesses related to environmental pollution (Ban et al.,2017).
Adults over the age of 45 and children under the age of five are the most vulnerable to air pollution’s public health concerns. Air pollution in the United States is a state-level health concern because of the number of industrial sectors generating toxic gases in that state; for example, California is highly affected due to the state’s many manufacturing facilities. According to the state’s health care institutions, there is evidence that air pollution is contributing to respiratory sickness, and they are pressing public health officials to take action against companies that release toxic chemicals into the air without filtering or neutralizing them.
Problem Statement
The release of toxic gases causes environmental pollution into the atmosphere by industrial processes. The respiratory system is harmed by poisonous chemicals, which are common in many industrial companies. As a result, states with high concentrations of these businesses have seen a rise in respiratory disorders like asthma (Eckelman & Sherman, 2016). Environmental pollution has also had an impact on the health care systems in the United States, as many health care institutions have documented a rise in respiratory sickness among individuals over 45 and children under the age of five. Increased admissions for respiratory disorders as a result of these difficulties have resulted in higher health care delivery costs.
Suggestions for addressing the issue by the current policy and steps to initiate policy change
This health concern must be addressed to lower healthcare costs and the total of persons hospitalized due to respiratory ailments caused by air pollution. Government authorities in the expansion and industrialization field and the management of different industrial sectors should tackle this concern of environmental pollution causing respiratory health problems in the current health policy they are implementing at the moment. They should analyze and assess health risks and the costs accrued as a result of not implementing the mitigation strategies then develop a cost- benefit analysis (Adler-Milstein et al., 2017). Developing a financial plan for programs to treat and neutralize the toxic gases discharged into the environment should be the goal of the two parties involved. Reducing and avoiding respiratory disorders caused by pollution can be accomplished in part by treating and neutralizing gases.
Impact on healthcare delivery system
The health care system in the United States is impacted by environmental pollution in a number of ways. Respiratory illnesses have grown as a result of air pollution produced by manufacturing sectors releasing toxic chemicals into the atmosphere. As a result, hospitals are seeing a rise in the number of patients with respiratory disorders. Health care resources have been strained and overburdened as a result of this trend (Landrigan & Fuller, 2012). Furthermore, as a result of the increased number of patients using healthcare services as a result of the public health concern, the system’s cost has grown (Taquechel et al.,2020). Due to the public health crisis, there is an increase in patient admissions at the health facilities, which puts a load on the health care workers.

Adler-Milstein, J., Embi, P. J., Middleton, B., Sarkar, I. N., & Smith, J. (2017). Crossing the health IT chasm: considerations and policy recommendations to overcome current challenges and enable value-based care. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association, 24(5), 1036-1043.
Ban, J., Zhou, L., Zhang, Y., Anderson, G. B., & Li, T. (2017). The health policy implications of individual adaptive behavioral responses to smog pollution in urban China. Environment international, 106, 144-152.
Eckelman, M. J., & Sherman, J. (2016). Environmental impacts of the US health care system and effects on public health. PloS one, 11(6), e0157014.
Landrigan, P. J., & Fuller, R. I. C. H. A. R. D. (2012). Environmental pollution: an enormous and invisible burden on health systems in low-and middle-income counties. World Hosp Health Serv, 50(4), 35.
Taquechel, K., Diwadkar, A. R., Sayed, S., Dudley, J. W., Grundmeier, R. W., Kenyon, C. C., … & Hill, D. A. (2020). Pediatric asthma health care utilization, viral testing, and air pollution changes during the COVID-19 pandemic. The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice, 8(10), 3378-3387.

Benchmark – Policy Brief

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