Using the South University Library do a search and find at least three (3) research article addressing the questions:
Describe how APN practice demonstrates cost-effectiveness.
Describe how APN practice can influence reduction in errors.
Describes how APN practice effects misuse or overuse of services.
Support responses with examples and at least 3 peer review articles.
This will be a 2-4 page paper (excluding the title page and references).
Literature support is required and points are assigned.
Peer reviewed articles that are non-research and nursing organization websites may be used. All articles must be current (not more than five years old, unless it is a hallmark reference; e.g., Institute of Medicine (IOM) (2010). The Future of Nursing: Leading Change, Advancing Health.
Format your paper, citations, and references using correct APA Style.
Course Name and Number
APN nurses have cutting-edge training and accreditation, such as a master’s or doctorate in the nursing field. The range of the scope of practice of advanced practice nurses (APNs) holds the key to better healthcare for patients while also entire health and well-being of the individual. Health promotion, sickness prevention, health maintenance, hospitalization, and the decrease of readmissions in a rapidly rising population have become more difficult due to physician shortages. (Hamric et al., 2019). Among the many ways, APNs may close this hole are by cutting healthcare expenditures, minimizing mistakes, and reducing the inappropriate or excessive use of treatment options.
How APNs demonstrate cost effectiveness
APNs are a much more cost-effective alternative to doctors as healthcare providers. Decreasing healthcare expenses impact APN equality since they provide identical services to doctors. With the same doctor’s services, an NP might be paid up to 30% less than a doctor. Many APNs continue to push for higher payment rates on this contentious issue (Hamric et al., 2019). While this may not be a cost-effective benefit for the APN profession, there are other ways in which they may empower themselves to minimize healthcare costs by improving health outcomes and increasing patient satisfaction.
One research found that APNs are a cost-effective alternative for patients, verifying this viewpoint. Random controlled trials conducted since 1980 were reviewed as part of the study’s design. Primary care NPs’ cost-effectiveness was the goal of the study. After 2000, most of the research that were evaluated were published. There were ten electronic repositories and the authors’ contact information, affiliations, and websites included in the study sample. There were seven studies in which nurse practitioners outperformed doctors to improve patient health outcomes. NPs and doctors were only evenly matched in the rest of the four groups. One experiment provided greater ratings for NPs than doctors, whereas three others demonstrated better ratings for physicians in terms of health system results. For instance, in one research, those receiving NP care had more significant reductions in diastolic blood pressure within six months. The findings of this study support the argument that patients who get primary care from NPs have health outcomes that are on par with or better than those who receive treatment from primary care doctors.
The reimbursement problem is worrisome, but as my healthcare expenditures escalate with that of friends and family, I believe there has to be a way to raise the assistance required for more optimum and broad healthcare. Seeing most of my coworkers pursuing APN degrees, I feel a sense of pride in their skills to support the healthcare professional field. In a world where healthcare demands and expectations are increasing, I believe that growing the number of APNs in practice will help to advance this workforce. In order to reduce healthcare expenditures, APNs may help disadvantaged and underserved patients have better access to treatment (Hamric et al., 2019). Hospitalization and readmission costs may be reduced if individuals are in better health. Increased provider availability is something that I strongly endorse to lower healthcare expenses while also improving the health of more patients.
How APN practice influences error reduction
APNs have the potential to make a substantial contribution to the decrease of medication-related mistakes in healthcare. There are numerous situations when the medication history is wrong, with either amounts or timings or stopped prescriptions that need to be addressed and changed so that the patient does not undergo any adverse consequences. Researchers in case-control research investigated whether patients’ readmission rates may be reduced by APNs doing post-acute care transition (PACT) home care after they were discharged. A 192-bed hospital in Denver, Colorado, served as the research site. 532 participants with a LACE rating of 11-15 were included in the study. To determine the likelihood of a patient being readmitted to the hospital within a month after being discharged, the LACE tool considers a variety of health variables and comorbidities.
Medical records from outpatient and inpatient facilities were accessed during these home visits, and APNs documented any inconsistencies, such as improper doses, stopped prescriptions, or missing medication. PACT visits by APNs resulted in a 48.5% reduction in hospital readmissions, as measured by this study’s controls. Findings show that APNs play an indispensable role in reducing poor health consequences and recurring hospitalizations by making sure patients are taking their prescribed medicaments and training on medication and disorder therapy (Ordonez-Piedra et al., 2021).
How APN practice effects misuse or overuse of services
In the United States, improper or excessive usage of healthcare services has risen. Over-prescription by medics in the U. S. determining its prevalence, underlying causes, and long-term consequences were the primary goals of a certain qualitative study. For this research, 2106 physicians from the AMA’s online community were surveyed. Overtreatment and profit are linked, according to survey questions intended to extract data on how often needless medical care is provided and the most common reasons and potential remedies. According to the survey findings, doctors believe that 20.6% of all healthcare services, including prescription drugs, tests, and procedures, are unnecessary. Patients’ demands, fear of malpractice, and difficulty accessing medical records were the most often cited causes. Increased practice standards and improved access to medical records were two possible answers. 71 percent of doctors also appealed that mismanagement of treatment occurred when there was a financial advantage associated. Results indicated that attempts to lessen the causes and study possible remedies might be helpful in this problem (Lyu et al., 2017). APNs may help healthcare providers and patients alike by reducing instances of therapeutic abuse or overuse.
According to a study, doctors have a great deal of medical knowledge, but their compliance with practice guidelines is generally poor because they lack the latest evidence-based practices. In the medical sciences and evidence-based care, they can educate and guide other members of the healthcare team to follow the most recent healthcare recommendations. They may achieve this by training their employees on the latest rules and practices and then keeping an eye on their progress and results (Chapman, Toretsky &Phoenix, 2019). My patients have been subjected to a wide range of diagnostic procedures in my practice. While some testing is required, I believe that others are unnecessary. Other doctors I’ve had the pleasure of working with have often expressed the same view. APNs, in my opinion, have the knowledge, research skills, leadership qualities, and educational responsibilities to minimize therapeutic abuse or overuse significantly.
More patients will be able to get high-quality healthcare because to APNs. Cost-effectiveness of an APN may allow patients who otherwise could not afford therapy to have it. One of an APN’s strongest assets is their dynamic capability to provide healthcare with a patient-centered attention that maximizes safety and improves results. Reduced treatment misuse and overuse might improve patient health while also saving money if APNs exercise their full potential. What an eye-opener to discover how much of an impact APNs can have on the health and welfare of those in our immediate environment.
Chapman, S. A., Toretsky, C., & Phoenix, B. J. (2019). Enhancing psychiatric mental health nurse practitioner practice: impact of state scope of practice regulations. Journal of Nursing Regulation, 10(1), 35-43.
Hamric, A. B., Hanson, C. M., Tracy, M. F. & O’Grady, E. T. (2019). Advanced
practice nursing: An integrative approach (6th ed.). Saunders.
Lyu, H., Xu, T., Brotman, D., Mayer-Blackwell, B., Cooper, M., Daniel, M., Wick,
E. C., Saini, V., Brownlee, S., & Makary, M. A. (2017). Overtreatment in the
united states. PloS One, 12(9), e0181970.
Ordóñez‐Piedra, J., Ponce‐Blandón, J. A., Robles‐Romero, J. M., Gómez‐Salgado, J., Jiménez‐Picón, N., & Romero‐Martín, M. (2021). Effectiveness of the Advanced Practice Nursing interventions in the patient with heart failure: A systematic review. Nursing Open, 8(4), 1879-1891.